To know more of fostering on pluralism and multicultural education Yayasan Pemberdayaan Pefor Nusantara West Kalimantan

By Yohanes Supriyadi

After the ethnic conflict in 1999, a group of civil society intellectuals initiated a civil society community meeting which included student activists, non governmental activists and women activists. At the end of the meeting, the participants agreed to set up a non governmental organization. That time, movement of civil society was still separated one from the other, based on ethnic group, religion and the goal of the movement. Later this organization is called Yayasan Pemberdayaan Pefor Nusantara (YPPN), with its base in the capital city of West Kalimantan province, legalized through Notarial document of Elisabeth Veronika Ely, SH, No.52 on August 22, 2000.

Empowerment of Pefor (read people, forest and coastal area) was conducted based on the fact that most part of the forest, wasteland, savannah, coastal area and coral reef biodiversity is under supervision of plural customary society. It is believed that, customary society is a group of people related to the same custom and tradition, no matter what the ethnic group or religion back ground is. Each tribe in Indonesia has its own custom, which had been practiced for generations. This group is now fighting to regain their rights, to be able to keep managing and explore their resources biodiversity they are taking care of. This group was also “eliminated” by the New Order regime. They were deprived of democracy and human rights. Conservation of biodiversity in those customary society areas is related closely to the existence, physically and culturally, of the community which has been living there for generations.

For the management of sustainable natural resources YPPN supports the rights of customary community, develops democracy and human rights, and promotes sustainable economic and social development. YPPN offers technical assistance to the management of natural resources, and activists of community empowerment. YPPN also reinforces plural society capacity so that they are able to effectively communicate with government institutions, and supports policy reform when necessary. Later the outcome will be shared with NGOs and community organizations through apprenticeship program, workshops and publication.

The society should live in a democratic way, respecting human rights, based on wisdom, equity and pluralism values.

1. To regain the global loss of biodiversity and cultural heritage
2. To reinforce the capacity and rights of marginal groups to enable them to manage and explore their natural biodiversity
3. To develop democracy and pluralism
4. To fight for human rights, social reconciliation, justice and peace
5. To develop organic farming
6. To develop education of multi cultures, gender and antiviolence since early years
7. To develop media alternative for plural community empowerment.

To reinforce institutions which apply community based natural resources management system, forest and coral reefs conservation in Indonesia, develop democracy, pluralism and human rights, to develop education of multi cultures and also develop sustainable agriculture through experiment exchange, natural resources management planning, training, workshops, seminars, mediation and dialogue with authority administration.

Basic Principles
In implementing all of its programs, YPPN has basic principles to be adopted by all activists. The principle is, respect for pluralism. YPPN is of the opinion that pluralism is a blessing, therefore there is no excuse to abolish pluralism, either ethnic group, religion and also origin. It means that it is important to give education of multi cultures since the early years. The second principle is brotherhood. YPPN believes that human being needs others in his life, therefore true brotherhood is absolutely a must for the conservation of all God’s creation. The third principle is balance. YPPN believes that balance in life procession has to be fulfilled absolutely, including gender balance. This balance is realized in the philosophy of customary society, which is balance of relationship, balance between people and the nature, and between people and God. With the existence of custom, this balance is secured. The fourth principle is democracy. The democracy to be achieved is populist democracy. Strategic decision has to involve as many parties as possible. YPPN rejects procedures which contradict with democracy. The fifth principle adopted by YPPN is opposition to violence. YPPN believes that any problem could be settled in a democratic way peacefully. YPPN strongly rejects violent problem solving measures.

YPPN was established to promote conservation of forests and reefs within the management territory of indigenous communities, promote democracy and human rights through experience exchange, planning, resource management, trainings workshops, seminars, mentoring, monitoring and dialogues with the government.

Most of the biodiversity of forests, desserts, savannah, coastal areas and reefs are in the management territories of indigenous peoples. These peoples are fighting for their ancestral rights. In Indonesia, indigenous communities were marginalized by Soeharto’s regime. Their human rights were violated. The conservation of biodiversity at the management territory of these indigenous communities relates directly physically and culturally to the life of these communities. As network node, Peoples, Forest & Reefs (PeFoR) sought to (1) help the communities regain the biological diversity and cultural heritage, (2) increase the capacity of the marginalized groups in order that they can manage and get the benefits of the biodivesity, (3) promote democracy (4) boost appreciation of human rights. YPPN focuses its attention to kabupaten territories with strong ethnic identities and where indigenous institutions still exist. In partnership with local communities YPPN support communities’ struggle to regain their rights, give technical assistance for community economic development by increasing the capacity of the communities. The lesson learned can be shared with other NGOs through publication and apprenticeship training.

YPPN also conducts mentoring for NGOs and CBOs in order to replicate community mapping and natural resource management that have been done in West Kalimantan. In the past two years YPPN has supported communities in Siberut, West Sumatera, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi. Thus the activities promote the management of low land forest and reefs in both sides of Wallace line.

To get the best output, the objectives are achieved through the sequence of site assessment, participatory mapping, participatory inventory, community conservation agreement making and workshops. Assisted planning, field visit and cross apprenticeship training are added up as project mentoring. It is expected that these activities help re-form the democracy and the once-marred social life. YPPN sees that community empowerment activities should be done in the spirit of peaceful co-existent among different ethnic groups. The position of YPPN as a member of network of indigenous communities archipelago-wide will be utilized to inflict the cascade effect of the whole community empowerment and biodiversity conservation job.

To achieve those goals, since 2000 YPPN had actively conducted activities as follows:

1.Jaringan Aksi Masyarakat Anti Kekerasan (JAMAK) or Network for Non Violence Community Action
West Kalimantan has a long history of conflicts among ethnic groups. Between the period of 1959 to 2000, conflict between ethnic groups has occurred tens of times. Nearly all major ethnic group in this province have ever been engaged in conflict. In 1999, a major conflict occurred in Sambas Regency, between Malay Sambas ethnic group and Madura. Once Dayak ethnic group also took part on this conflict, and the conflict became worse. Tens of thousands people of Madura ethnic had to move to Singkawang and Pontianak. Hundreds of people were killed . The Malay ethnic in Pontianak was not pleased with the presence of Madura refugees from Sambas in refugees accommodation in Pontianak. They became worried more when there was a collision between a city bus (driven by Madura ethnic) and a motorcycle (Malay ethnic) around toll bridge. This has resulted in mass mobilization and attack camps of Madura refugees. Concerned with this incident, YPPN initiated and was actively involved in creating an early warning system. Apart from that, YPPN formed a network called JAMAK, for the purpose of developing an attitude of anti violence among the multi ethnic society in Pontianak. The network appointed Chairman of YPPN as coordinator of network knot. The network has individuals from the community and NGOs as members, who develop peaceful culture on earth.

2. Mapping Study and Study of Tenure Rights of Customary Community
Since 1995, a new program of customary society empowerment was conducted through participatory mapping. Until the end of 11999, nearly 200 kampung all over West Kalimantan had already made a map, facilitated by NGO. Was this an effective way of custom society empowerment? To obtain the answer, in 2001 YPPN in cooperation with Pusat Kajian Agraria Institute Pertanian Bogor (Centre for Agrarian Affairs Study of Bogor Agriculture Institute ) conducted a research about Implementation of Participatory Mapping and tenure rights of customary society in West Kalimantan. This research had unveiled that participatory mapping is just the right means of community based spatial planning concept. However, implementation of this concept is not yet useful for the regional government and the community conducting the mapping.

3. Community Seed Bank
Realizing that genetic engineering practice and custom society intellectual right theft is spreading, YPPN in 11992, in cooperation with Catholic Relief Services/CRS FO Jakarta conducted a reinforcement program and development of community seed bank. In 2 facilitated kampung (village or kampong) were found 76 varieties of local rice still exist, and 6 varieties have been extinct since the green revolution, and 4 varieties of hybrid local rice. Later these varieties of hybrid local rice were cultivated continuously by facilitated farmers, and YPPN was actively involved in this cultivation.

4. Community Training Centre
In 2001, YPPN set up a center for comm. unity learning in kelurahan (political district administered by the lurah Sei Selamat, Pontianak Utara Kota Pontianak. Covering a land of nearly 1 hectare, YPPN facilitated husbandry and plantation. Every year, groups of facilitated village in West kalimantan have visited this center.

5. Multi Ethnic Community Facilitation
With a long history of ethnic conflict, concept and movement for developing a peaceful culture is required. The fact is, West Kalimantan community is plural. No single ethnic group can live by itself. It must need the existence of other ethnic group to correlate. Therefore, in 2003 YPPN, in cooperation with TIFA, had conducted the program of peaceful culture. YPPN operated in the communities of Madura,, Malay, Dayak, in 3 sub districts in Landak Regency. The outcome were abundant. Among others, local capacity to live peacefully in each community is bigger. This should be a very good media for other communities ‘ learning process.

6. Mini Primary School
Although they have been living in an independent nation, the community of custom society in the interior still has no access to the real meaning of independence. The absence of the nation’s facility in the kampungs in the interior has caused the quality of life of custom society to be stagnant. They remain isolated and powerless. Realizing this condition, in 2003 YPPN, in cooperation with custom society in Kampung Nek Amyo, Nek Tune, Saodos, Nek Aer, Binua Parigi in Mempawah Hulu Sub district, Landak Regency, built a school for children of custom society. In 3 months, a Mini Primary School called Gotong Royong was ready. It has soil as its floor, board as its wall, and leaves for its roof. In the period of 2003-2004, 46 school children went to this simple school. Three “local” teachers at this school are supported financially by the community and YPPN each month. YPPN also initiated integrated non formal education in the classroom. The teachers are appealed to give anti violence education, as a reaction of the spreading of violence showed by adults on TV, films, CD, etc. Children are taught to manage conflict peacefully, so that one conflict will not cause other conflict. The government started to pay attention to this school, and built a new better building (since 2004).

7. Early Warning System
Conflict is part of everyday life. However, a conflict which tend to be violent is prohibited. Landak Regency is one of the regencies in West Kalimantan which is vulnerable to violent conflict. To anticipate this, in 2003 YPPN, supported by TIFA foundation initiated a conflict mapping in e3 sub districts in Landak Regency. That was the first conflict mapping ever documented by an NGO in West Kalimantan, and has community based early warning system concept. The map of conflict revealed that 3 sources of conflicts intra ethnic and inter ethnic were, fighting over access to natural resources, practice of alcoholic drink and sale and consumption, and weak law uphold.

8. Training facilitation for community leaders.
Violent conflict on community level could be handled in a short time owing to the fact that local leadership is legitimate and skilled in conflict management. Therefore, in 2004 YPPN, supported by CRS Peace Building conducted a program for empowerment of community leaders in conflict management. More than 300 community leaders were trained , in 3 sub districts in Landak and Pontianak Regency.

9.Training for Radio covering of PEMILU 2004 (general elections 2004)
PEMILU 2004 (general elections 2004) is a historical event in relation with democracy in Indonesia, therefore it should be guarded to let it be conducted fairly and in a democratic way. In 2003, YPPN, in cooperation with Friedrich Naumann Stiftung/FNS and YPBHI Jakarta, conducted a radio workshop for covering General elections. Some 39 journalists delegations of 39 radio station from all over West Kalimantan participated in this event.

10. Community Radio
Radio is an effective means of supporting the development of peaceful culture in the society, especially among multi ethnic society. Based on that fact, in 2004 YPPN, in cooperation with OXFAM GB yogyakarta facilitated in setting up community radio station for Madura, Malay and Dayak community in Sebangki, sub district, sub district, Landak Regency. Approaching the fasting month of 2004, this station started to air. It was managed on a self-supporting basis by local community, and YPPN participated in preparing the programs. This radio had proved to be useful for uniting different communities, and maximize communication among communities which are geographically separated.

11. Congress of Customary Community of Landak Regency
Through the history, custom communities always become the victim of government’s policy. Their customary institutions are destroyed through standardizing of area unit on the name of Desa (village). This has resulted in weakening of environmental supporting capability and moral deterioration in custom community. Concerned with this situation, YPPN, in cooperation with 5 other NGOs facilitated a congress for custom community, Landak Regency. This congress was participated by approximately 700 youth representatives, women and custom leaders. The participants realized that there is more than one ethnic group in a custom community. Therefore at the end of the congress, they agreed to set up an organization called Persekutuan Komunitas Masyarakat Adat Kabupaten Landak (Federation for Custom Community of Landak Regency) or PAKAT. All the ethnic component are accommodated by the management of this organization. This was the biggest plural custom society in West Kalimantan, at least until the end of 2004.

12. Co operant CUSO Indonesia
Concerned about limited human resource in program management, in 2003 YPPN, in cooperation with CUSO Indonesia, invited one co operant. The co operant worked in YPPN for 1 year, especially for the program of natural resources through community seed bank.

13. Training for DPRD (Assembly at provincial level) Landak Regency
Since its formation, Landak Regency needs quality human resources to enable a maximum regional management, supported by the people. For that reason, in 2003, YPPN in cooperation with Landak DPRD (Assembly at provincial level) conducted TUPOKSI workshop for 3 days in Pontianak. 35 DPRD members participated in this event. The workshop was attended by Dr Faisal Basri, expert staff of Department of Internal Affairs and national NGO activists.

14. Joint Economic Activity
A powerful economic system in rural area, especially in multi ethnic community will be supportive in the effort of peaceful culture development. Therefore, in 2004, YPPN conducted a Joint Economic Activity program for multi ethnic communities in Landak Regency. Six community groups of 3 subdistricts with 200 members actively participated in this program. They manage the nearly extinct forest plant, kayu besi ( a kind of hard wood), cincao (plant which leaves are used to produce gelatin for drink) cultivation, practice freshwater fishery and husbandry. Presently there is a program for rubber farmer empowerment.

15. Joint Cultural Activity
Apart from multi ethnic community based economic cooperation, in 2004 YPPN also conducted cultural cooperation. In the customary ceremony Naik Dango IXI all Pontianak Regency and Landak Regency in Air Besar Sub district, YPPN took part in the conduct of customary and conflict resolution seminar. In the same year, YPPN also conducted a multi ethnic cultural festival in Pontianak. Some 70 participants from all communities participated in this event.

16. Exhibition
During the 2003 Dayak, West Kalimantan cultural week in Pontianak, YPPN conducted an exhibition, in cooperation with facilitated group. The participants exhibited documentation in form of books, photos, seeds of local rice in a packaging, traditional medicines and traditional tools and technology of custom society.

17. Kampung (Village) Library
Since 2002, YPPN, in cooperation with Kanisius Yogyakarta publisher facilitated distribution of civil society movement, agricultural books, husbandry and fishery books to facilitated village. Up to the present, 3 villages have their village library in Landak Regency, facilitated by YPPN, with a collection of 4000 books of 800 titles. Apart from those libraries, YPPN also has a library in its office with a collection of 2000 books of 300 titles.

18. Development of Institusi Gerakan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Komunitas Plural (Institution for Plural Community Economy Empowerment Movement)
Since 2001, in cooperation with Yayasan Pangingu Binua, YPPN has been actively facilitating multi ethnic community in West Kalimantan. Then, since 2002-2003, in cooperation with Yayasan PAHAR (PAHAR Foundation) set up a vocational education in Menjalin sub district, Landak Regency. To develop market access for multi ethnic community local superior product, in cooperation with YPB, Palma Institute, Yayasan PAHAR and multi ethnic community figures set up PT Krisna Kamya Nusantara, active in trade and service. It develops organic products and marketing to support sustainable agriculture system in West Kalimantan.

On West Kalimantan level, since 2002 up to the present, YPPN is active in Sustainable Agricultural Network with other NGO members. Since 2004, YPPN was appointed as network coordinator. Since 20003, YPPN actively develops peace culture in West Kalimantan, in Perkampungan Borneo, an organization of 5 NGOs: Yayasan Pangingu Binua, Yayasan PAHAR, PAKAT, Palma Institute, Yayasan Akar Pama. On national and international level, YPPN had cooperated with Friedrich Naumann Stiftung-Indonesia Office, Yayasan Perkumpulan Bantuan Hukum Indonesia–Jakarta with programme Indonesia elections to peace campaign and monitoring 2004, CUSO-Canada with cooperant since 2003-now, Catholic Relief Services-Indonesia Office with programme community seed bank, OXFAM-Great Britain Yogyakarta Office with programme community radio, TIFA Foundation with programme pluralism and peace culture promotion, and CORDAID-Netherlands with programme fostering on peaceful generation non violence and gender education.

In implementing its various programs, YPPN has a close relationship with Komisi Pengembangan Sosial Ekonomi Region Kalimantan (Commission of socio-economic Development of Kalimantan Region), Komisi Keadilan dan Perdamaian Region Kalimantan (Commission for justice and Peace of Kalimantan Region), and other NGOs, both domestically and abroad. This cooperation is based on the principle of understanding each other, and to support each other, as far as the institution is not in contradiction with the vision and mission of YPPN, with no commitment to certain obligation.

YPPN Structure
Organization structure of YPPN, period of 2007—2010:

Board Of Foundation :
Chairman : Ir.Kristianus Atok M.Si
Vice Chairman : Muchlis Ismail
Secretary : Mikael, ST
Treasure : Robina, Amd
Member : Suryanata, SPd, MSi

Board of Management:
Executive Director : Michael Boyot.M,ST
Program Officer Of Social Transformation (Human interest) : Ateng Sanyang, SE
Program Officer Of Natural Resources Management (Forest and Reef) : Asmawadi,SP
Program Officer Of Institutional Building and Networking : Yohanes Supriyadi,SE
Account Manager : Magdalena Lina, A.Md
Account Staff : Naomi Siauta,A.Md

Field Staff :
Administration : Yulia Juniarty, SE,
Media and Publication Divition :M. Trisna Dede, A.Md, and Piter Sima,A.Md
Field trips :Donat Umar, Tambaleng A.Md, Lempeng SPd, Buyung S.Pd,
Federika Garcia S.Pd (non active, next magister studies on Swedia, since 2006).
Consultative Board
1. Pater Yerimias Melis, OFM.Cap (Commission for justice and Peace of Kalimantan Region)
2. DR. H. Bahari Sinju (Tanjungpura University)
3. Drs. Stephanus Buan (Tanjungpura University)
4. Michael E Lewis, B.Sc (cooperant CUSO Canada)

Office :
Borneo Dango Pefor Build, Jalan 28 Oktober, Kompleks Siantan Permai Blok B Ruko No. 4 Siantan Hulu-Pontianak Utara, Pontianak Kalimantan Barat-Indonesia
Telp (0561) 886921 Fax (0561) 881849
E-mail :

1 komentar:

tiopanus mengatakan...

saya tertarik dengan hal2 sosial,maaf nama saya tiopanus, saya putra kalimantan jga...saya turut prihatin dengan the future of borneo..saya masih belajar di pilipina saat ini..berkenan kah bapak mengutarakan apa saja masalah yang sangat pelik sekarang di kalmantan barat..

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